Ghana integrated Migration Management

With over 232 million people – 3.2 per cent of the world's population who live outside their country of origin, migration and the networks it creates is a defining feature of the 21st century, affecting the lives of people, communities, and countries around the world. Migration is driven by development opportunities which enable people to lead better lives.

Migration and the resources it generates in the form of remittances and diaspora investment can help address these challenges. In addition, migration is often an enabler of individual capabilities and human development at the household level and further contributes to national development and resilience to economic and environmental risks and shocks. At the same time, however, mobility can be associated with new inequalities and vulnerabilities, especially when it is poorly governed and occurs under conditions of insecurity. Too many migrants are forced to risk their lives and dignity in seeking better lives.

Ghana has a long history of dynamic population mobility. Recent years have seen an increase in the complexity of migration patterns both inside, as well as outside the borders of the country, observed as both regular and irregular. Like other West African countries, Ghana has porous borders. As a result, there has been an increase of both smuggling of migrants and trafficking of foreign nationals for forced labour and sexual exploitation. 

The recent years have witnessed an increasing number of young Ghanaians who risk their lives looking for better opportunities abroad. The country is also constantly affected by conflicts and crisis of the region. The Ebola crisis brought in a sharp focus of importance of migration and the inter-connection of Ghana to other countries.

In order to respond effectively to these complex migration challenges, supported by the 10th European Development Fund (EDF) of the European Union (EU), the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and Ghana Immigration Service (GIS) are jointly implementing the Ghana Integrated Migration Management Approach (GIMMA) Project. The three year project (2014 – 2017) aims to contribute to the Government of Ghana’s efforts to manage migration effectively through the establishment of an Integrated Migration Management Approach.

Migration is a complex issue that needs a multi-dimensional approach. Although capacity building is one major strategy in managing migration, it does not address all resulting issues. The Integrated Management Approach to migration management uses a comprehensive, transparent and coherent approach to migration and border management processes.

The GIMMA project utilizes three main strategies: capacity building for officials at the forefront of migration management, information outreach on safe and legal migration, and the establishment of a national database for effective migration related policy making activities.

Enhancing the institutional capacities of law enforcement officers to effectively manage its borders
West Africa is one of the most mobile regions in the world. Over recent decades, movements of people and goods have tremendously increased, requiring enhanced immigration and border management structures to manage the cross-border flow of people. The GIMMA project is strengthening institutional capacity on migration and border management in different areas. Development of legal reference handbook to enable officers to interpret and apply relevant laws appropriately
▪ Establishment of an IT lab at the Immigration Service Academy and Training School (ISATS) to help officers gain necessary IT skills to perform their duties effectively and professionally
▪ Restructuring of GIS Training Curriculum to meet  evolving training needs of officers and to facilitate the implementation of GIS training policy
▪ Support to improve the physical structures, equipment and capacities of the Border Patrol Units to prevent cross border crimes

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