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The History of Border Patrol Unit
 

 

 THE FORMATIVE STAGE OF THE BORDER PATROL UNIT (BPU)
Experienced officers and men were selected within the Service. These personnel numbering One hundred and fifty (150) were sent to the Ghana Armed Forces Training center Asutuare for a two month intensive training on weapon handling, teamwork and confidence building.

The Unit was officially inaugurated at the GIS headquarters on the 1st of November 2006 by the then Interior Minister Mr. Kan Dapaah. Since November 2006 the Border Patrol Unit has grown from a personnel of one hundred and fifty (150) to a workforce of about eight hundred (800) personnel at the end of 2008. These have been deployed to the 13 sectors where Ghana Immigration Service operates.


OBJECTIVE OF THE UNIT
The objective of the Unit is to ensure the security of all and borders, entry and exit points including coastal areas against illegal entry and exit by cross border criminals. In the performance of this new role of securing the borders, the Immigration Service Border Patrol Unit is to undertake under listed specific tasks.
i. Physical patrolling of the borders
ii. Checking of illegal migration
iii. Checking of drug /Human trafficking
iv. Checking of smuggling across the border
v. Checking animal trafficking
vi. Reporting on all forms of suspected subversive activities
vii. Preparedness to act as the first line of defense against external aggressors for the Ghana Armed Forces

BORDER PATROL OPERATIONS
The Primary mission of the Border Patrol is detection and apprehension of illegal aliens and smugglers of aliens at or near the land borders.
Some of the major activities include maintaining traffic checkpoints along highways leading from border areas, conducting snap checks and anti-smuggling operations. These activities are performed with the use of pick-up vehicles and all purpose motorbikes.
In the performance of these duties, the Border Patrol Unit (BPU) has intercepted and arrested a lot of smugglers. Few of the interceptions made are recorded in the table below.

 

SRL STATION/SECTOR ITEM INTERCEPTION QTY PERIOD REMARKS
1 AFLAO Jerry cans of fuel    50 March 2009  
2 BAWKU Motorbikes   14 Sept.2008  
3 PAGA Jerry Cans Of Fuel   83 1st Quater  
4 KULUNGUGU Motorbikes   4 Sept.2008  
Sunwatt Batteries   70 packets
Bicycle Tubes   10
5 ASIKUMA JUNCTION Parcels Of Indian Herb   1300 June 2008 Joint Operation between CEPS and BPU


CHALLENGES OF THE UNIT
The Unit is faced with logistical and administrative challenges. The major ones are
a. Lack of official and residential accommodation to house the personnel in the sectors
b. Inadequate weapons to arm patrolmen in the performance of their duties.

CONCLUSION

The Border Patrol Unit is still in its infant stage of development its present challenges are expected but with determination and commitment by the rank and file of the Service, the present challenges would surely be a thing of the past.

 

 

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